Hiking trail recommended route

PR1 CVL - Schist Trail of Sobral de São Miguel

Hiking trail · Portugal
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  • Aldeia de Sobral de São Miguel
    Aldeia de Sobral de São Miguel
    Photo: Rafael Romano, Aldeias do Xisto
m 900 800 700 600 500 10 8 6 4 2 km
The Schist Walking Trail of Sobral de São Miguel is a circular route spanning about 8 km. It runs from 550 m to 925 m above sea level, with a view of the mountains that highlight the landscape.
Distance 10.1 km
3:29 h
483 m
483 m
925 m
550 m
With approximately 8km of extension, the route starts in the center of the village. Right after the first climb, it's possible to observe the surrounding view with the hills that stand out in the landscape, highlighting the Estrela Mountain. On the way down, we can see the corrals and the imposing terraces. Walking through the chestnuts trees, pines and thickets, we arrive to the majestic Vale das Vacas waterfall - a natural wonder. In the last stage of the journey, we go through the shepherds "canada" and we walk along the Cabrieira Stream, watching the planting fields and its irrigation systems. 

Author’s recommendation

Observe the markings that recount the region’s history and marvel at the mountainous landscapes that lead to the majestic Vale das Vacas waterfall.


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Profile picture of Catarina Almeida - ADXTUR
Catarina Almeida - ADXTUR
Update: February 17, 2020
Highest point
925 m
Lowest point
550 m
Best time of year

Track types

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Safety information

 Be careful as it can be warm in the summer and slippery in the winter.

Useful Contacts

SOS Emergência: 112

SOS Floresta: 117

GNR do Paúl: (+351) 275 961 116

ADXTUR - Schist Village Network - 275 647 700 | 960 101 873

Tips and hints

Located in the Açor Mountain, the village of Sobral de São Miguel is a very old settlement that extends along a valley, where the Porsim Stream flows. In this village, we can find a large number of schist houses with their slate roofs. The narrow and winding streets, the stairways, the community ovens, the watermills, the old mills, the fountains, the bridges, the main church, the João dos Santos House Museum and the centenarian cork trees are some of the interesting points worth visiting. During the summer you can find refreshment in the river pool. The local activities are farming, grazing of cattle (goats), beekeeping, forestry and schist exploration.This path relief shows typical features of the mountain morphology, with deep valleys and small streams that, in some cases, dry out in the summer. In this area, the schist prevails in the landscape, flecked with quartz prominences. In one of these cliffs there's the Vale das Vacas waterfall, which was recently voted as one of the Natural Wonders of the Covilhã Municipality. A set of lichens, mosses and other hydrophilic plants form a barrier that covers the quartzite rocks in green. The forest is filled with wild pine trees. Among the indigenous species, the chestnut, the Pyrenean oak, the cork oak and the holmoak stand out. The forest has been losing some importance, giving place to the shrub vegetation such as: heather, gorse, broom, arbutus and headsman.



- Queijo Corno (goat cheese)

- Brulhão (Goat stomach filled with pig meat mixture)

- Versas (beans and cabbage)

- Kid

- Tigelada (Baked custard pudding - eggs, sugar, wheat flour, milk and cinnamon)

- Fritters

- Corn bread

- Guleimas/Picas (a kind of bread with onions, cod, meat or sardines)

- Honey

- Arbutus Berry and honey liquors


"Sobral de São Miguel, Largo do Fundo do Lugar 40º12'38.21""N / 7º44'32.89""O " (569 m)
40.210465, -7.742502
40°12'37.7"N 7°44'33.0"W
29T 607010 4451875
Show on Map


"Sobral de São Miguel, Largo do Fundo do Lugar 40º12'38.21""N / 7º44'32.89""O "

Turn-by-turn directions

The Sobral de São Miguel's Schist Wlaking Trail is a circular route with 8 km long, 550 to 925 meters above sea level, 483 meters of accumulated gap. The route begins and ends in the village centre, and it's divided into 4 distinct parts:

1- The first part corresponds to a sharp climb, from the village to the Vergadas' geodetic mark (775 meters), done in all its way along forest paths where it's possible to observe the village under different frameworks and see a few rock art carvings.

2- The second part, with just over 2 km, can be done in a less sharp climb along the ridge of the mountain, which gives a very wide observation field of view. Here it's possible to see the hills that fill the local landscape, standing out the Estrela Mountain. This path finishes in the highest point of the route, where we can see the marks left by the bulls cars, which once went through the Salt Route.

3- The third part is done in sharp climb-down in a deep valley, along which is possible to observe the corrals and the imposing terraces, often built in places of difficult access. Walking in these paths among the chestnuts, pines and thickets, visitors can still see one of the most beautiful spots of this route: the Vale das Vacas waterfall.

4- The last part of the route represents a non sharp climb-down, crossing the shepherds "canada" and walking along the Cabrieira Stream, where we can see the planting fields and its irrigation systems. 


all notes on protected areas


40.210465, -7.742502
40°12'37.7"N 7°44'33.0"W
29T 607010 4451875
Show on Map
Arrival by train, car, foot or bike

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10.1 km
3:29 h
483 m
483 m
Highest point
925 m
Lowest point
550 m


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