Hiking trail recommended route

PR1 FND - Schist trails of Barroca - route of the rock engravings

Hiking trail · Portugal
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  • Figurações paleolíticas de cavalos
    / Figurações paleolíticas de cavalos
    Photo: Catarina Almeida - ADXTUR, Aldeias do Xisto
  • / Aldeia do Xisto of Barroca
    Photo: Aldeias do Xisto, Aldeias do Xisto
  • / Fonte do Ribeiro da Bica
    Photo: Catarina Almeida - ADXTUR, Aldeias do Xisto
  • / Percurso dos Mineiros
    Photo: Aldeias do Xisto
  • / Escombreiras e Rio Zêzere
    Photo: Aldeias do Xisto
  • / Escombreiras e Rio Zêzere
    Photo: Aldeias do Xisto
  • / Rio Zêzere
    Photo: Aldeias do Xisto
  • / Escombreiras e Rio Zêzere
    Photo: Aldeias do Xisto
  • / Terrenos agrícolas
    Photo: Aldeias do Xisto
  • / Figurações paleolíticas de cavalos
    Photo: Aldeias do Xisto
  • / Rio Zêzere
    Photo: Aldeias do Xisto
  • / Interpretation Centre for the Prehistoric Art of Poço do Caldeirão - Barroca
    Photo: Aldeias do Xisto, Aldeias do Xisto
  • / Igreja paroquial da Aldeia da Barroca
    Photo: Catarina Almeida - ADXTUR, Aldeias do Xisto
  • / Casa Grande, antigo solar do Séc. XVIII onde hoje funciona o Centro Dinamizador das Aldeias do Xisto
    Photo: Catarina Almeida - ADXTUR, Aldeias do Xisto
m 700 600 500 400 8 6 4 2 km Lameirinhos Casa de Campo Casa do Silvério Lameirinhos Casa de Campo Solar Vicente
The Schist Walking Trail of Barroca will bring you to the river Zêzere's secluded spots, along banks covered by rock engravings and remnants of past activity that will take you on a journey through time.
easy
Distance 9.2 km
2:30 h
205 m
205 m
Following this Schist trail you will be able to discover surprising places along the Zêzere, both seen from above at the high point of Senhora da Rocha and from the water level by the river, you will pass rock engravings that adorn the rocks on both banks of the river. If you want to avoid the climb to the Chapel of Senhora da Rocha you can chose to take the way marked option PR1.1, which will take you straight to the pontoon of the Zêzere by crossing the village. After visiting the rock engravings, follow the river upstream, to the vestiges of Cabeço do Pião and return to Barroca following the Miner’s route. 

Author’s recommendation

The rock engravings that enliven the banks of the river Zêzere, the mining landscapes and the Barroca village centre deserve all of your attention.

 

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Author
Aldeias do Xisto
Updated: April 23, 2020
Difficulty
easy
Technique
Stamina
Highest point
439 m
Lowest point
350 m
Best time of year
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

Safety information

The terrain along this route changes with the weather conditions, so pay special attention to the slippery ground in the winter and on rainy days. In summer, temperatures can rise considerably, so always wear a hat and bring water. The trailhead to the rock engraving has conditioned access from 1 October to 31 May.

 

Emergency number: 112

SOS Forest fires: 117

GNR (police) Silvares: (+351) 275 662 453

ADXTUR - Schist Village Network - (+351) 275 647 700 | (+351) 960 101 873

Tips and hints

Located on the slopes of the Gardunha mountains, 30 kilometres from the county of Fundão, Barroca is hidden on the hillside, from where it looks out over the left bank of the River Zêzere, which bathes its feet and dominates the landscape.The parish of Barroca was founded in 1686, and the development of the village peaked from 1700 to the last century. During this period the main houses were built.Here, where the rhythm is dictated by agricultural cycles, you can find the Poço do Caldeirão and the Centre of Animation for the Schist Villages.The surrounding landscape is framed by the river Zêzere snaking through pine forests and the pyramid of vestiges from the wash houses of Cabeço do Pião, which used to belong to the Mines of Panasqueira. The tungsten here meant these were the main source of income for the region, and small fortunes were made during the Second World War.The streets of the village are often paved with round stones and some of the houses have balconies on the first floor level. The details of their construction give the impression of the desire to give emotions to the buildings.On the right hand bank of the river Zêzere, flanking the site known as the Poço do Caldeirão, there are two schist rocks decorated with engravings that are clearly of the Paleolithic type. They represent horses and goats. They have been dated as being from 20,000 to 15,000 years BC. These figures are from the early phases of the cycle of rock engraving of the valley of Côa, where there are clear similarities and comparable designs.But there are other engravings, like for example a horizontal rock surface where three horse figures, all facing the right, have been engraved by chipping at the rock. The shapes and characteristics of the rock have been used creatively by the Paleolithic artist, who has integrated the figures as part of a harmonious whole where the rock is part of the work of art. This is even more pronounced in the other decorated panel of the Poço do Caldeirão, where two representations of goats are engraved by careful chipping on the extremely eroded vertical surface. Typically of the aesthetics of Upper Paleolithic hunters, the goats are represented in a position of confrontation and their heads are almost touching. The two animals are of different sizes, to fit the available space.

 

Gastronomy

- Salt cod with bread

- Octopus with chestnuts

- Maranhos

- Wood oven baked kid

Start

Ribeiro da Bica' Fountain 40º 6' 25'' N ; 7º 43' 2'' W (379 m)
Coordinates:
DD
40.106969, -7.717216
DMS
40°06'25.1"N 7°43'02.0"W
UTM
29T 609328 4440418
w3w 
///racehorse.mythic.chafe

Destination

Ribeiro da Bica' Fountain 40º 6' 25'' N ; 7º 43' 2'' W

Turn-by-turn directions

Following this Schist trail you will be able to discover surprising places along the Zêzere, both seen from above at the high point of Senhora da Rocha and from the water level by the river, you will pass rock engravings that adorn the rocks on both banks of the river. Start by filling your water bottle at the Ribeiro da Bica fountain and prepare yourself for the biggest challenge of the route: the climb to the Chapel of Senhora da Rocha, from where you will be able to enjoy a different perspective of the village and the river. Alternatively you can follow the way marked option PR1.1, which will take you straight to the pontoon on the Zêzere past the beautiful houses of the village. But if you accept the challenge of the climb, and you have made it up the the Chapel you now have to descend carefully down the steep slope to the banks of the river. Once you have passed the pontoon you will be able to visit the rock engravings following to your left and then coming back to the pontoon. Now follow the river upstream on a path that cuts through the vegetation. The terrain on this section is somewhat technical and you will need to be careful. When you reach the bridge, take the road, cross the bridge and climb a bit until you regain the river bank, this time heading downstream. This route is way marked as the Miner’s route, passing the vestiges of the old wash house of the mines of Cabeço do Pião. The route is easy and pleasant now, retracing the same paths many miners took to Barroca. On arriving on the edge of the village, a small detour will take you to a bridge near which you can see and visit a series of ancient water mills built in stone. 

Note


all notes on protected areas

Coordinates

DD
40.106969, -7.717216
DMS
40°06'25.1"N 7°43'02.0"W
UTM
29T 609328 4440418
w3w 
///racehorse.mythic.chafe
Arrival by train, car, foot or bike

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Difficulty
easy
Distance
9.2 km
Duration
2:30 h
Ascent
205 m
Descent
205 m

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