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Safety informationThe terrain along this route changes with the weather conditions, so pay special attention to the slippery ground in the winter and on rainy days. In summer, temperatures can rise considerably, so always wear a hat and bring water. The trailhead to the rock engraving has conditioned access from 1 October to 31 May.
Emergency number: 112
SOS Forest fires: 117
GNR (police) Silvares: (+351) 275 662 453
ADXTUR - Schist Village Network - (+351) 275 647 700 | (+351) 960 101 873
Tips and hintsLocated on the slopes of the Gardunha mountains, 30 kilometres from the county of Fundão, Barroca is hidden on the hillside, from where it looks out over the left bank of the River Zêzere, which bathes its feet and dominates the landscape.The parish of Barroca was founded in 1686, and the development of the village peaked from 1700 to the last century. During this period the main houses were built.Here, where the rhythm is dictated by agricultural cycles, you can find the Poço do Caldeirão and the Centre of Animation for the Schist Villages.The surrounding landscape is framed by the river Zêzere snaking through pine forests and the pyramid of vestiges from the wash houses of Cabeço do Pião, which used to belong to the Mines of Panasqueira. The tungsten here meant these were the main source of income for the region, and small fortunes were made during the Second World War.The streets of the village are often paved with round stones and some of the houses have balconies on the first floor level. The details of their construction give the impression of the desire to give emotions to the buildings.On the right hand bank of the river Zêzere, flanking the site known as the Poço do Caldeirão, there are two schist rocks decorated with engravings that are clearly of the Paleolithic type. They represent horses and goats. They have been dated as being from 20,000 to 15,000 years BC. These figures are from the early phases of the cycle of rock engraving of the valley of Côa, where there are clear similarities and comparable designs.But there are other engravings, like for example a horizontal rock surface where three horse figures, all facing the right, have been engraved by chipping at the rock. The shapes and characteristics of the rock have been used creatively by the Paleolithic artist, who has integrated the figures as part of a harmonious whole where the rock is part of the work of art. This is even more pronounced in the other decorated panel of the Poço do Caldeirão, where two representations of goats are engraved by careful chipping on the extremely eroded vertical surface. Typically of the aesthetics of Upper Paleolithic hunters, the goats are represented in a position of confrontation and their heads are almost touching. The two animals are of different sizes, to fit the available space.
- Salt cod with bread
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